Discover Oman’s Al Hajar Mountains

Story Gautam Viswanathan

Forming the spine of the Sultanate, as well as one of its most influential geographical features, the Hajar Mountains are synonymous with the culture, economy and tourism of Oman.

Beginning in Musandam, extending through the United Arab Emirates, and curving back into Oman through Buraimi, Al Batinah, parts of Al Dhahirah and Al Dakhiliyah, before ending in Muscat and the Sharqiyah regions.

Some of the Hajar Mountains highest points are in the Dakhiliyah Governorate: Jabal Shams, Oman’s tallest mountain at over 3,000 metres, and Jabal Akhdar, which finishes a close second, are both part of the Hajar Mountain range. Those who head to these peaks often travel to the city of Nizwa, the capital of the Dakhiliyah region.

“Mountains constitute a large percentage of the environment of Oman,” says Oman’s Ministry of Tourism. “The flora and fauna living in these mountains vary. Al Hajar Mountains are in the north of Oman and extend from Musandam Peninsula in the north to Ras Al Hadd in Al Sharqiyah South Governorate. Wadi Samail divides it into two parts: east and west. Jabal Shams (the Mountain of the Sun) is the highest point in the Hajar Mountains, rising at an altitude of 3,009 metres above sea level.”

“With its steeper slopes to seaward, it parallels the coast of the Gulf of Oman and stretches in an arc southeastward from the Musandam Peninsula almost to Ras Al Ḥadd on the extreme northeastern tip of the Arabian Peninsula,” explains the Encyclopaedia Britannica. “From northwest to southeast the Al-Ḥajar range includes the Ruus Al Jibal overlooking the Strait of Hormuz, the Al Ḥajar Al Gharbi (Western Hajar), the vast massif of Jabal Al Akhḍar (Green Mountain), the Jabal Nakhal, the Al-Ḥajar al-Sharqi (Eastern Hajar), and the Jabal Bani Jabir.”